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Africa’s Mega-City: Future MEGAPROJECTS

Africa’s Mega-City: Future MEGAPROJECTS


This is Lagos, Nigeria the largest city in
Africa. Home to more than 22 million people, it’s
facing a perfect storm of challenges. So let’s look at how this megacity is trying
to modernize. The biggest challenge Nigeria faces is a population
pyramid that’s overwhelmingly bottom heavy. 61% are younger than 25—that’s a lot of
jobs to create and houses to build in the coming years. This problem is made worse by the extremely
poor condition of the city’s infrastructure. Badly designed and maintained motorways cause
people to endure agonizing commute times, and interrupted access to electricity causes
regular blackouts. Add in the threat of a rising ocean that’s
steadily eroding the coastline, and the future of this place looks bleak. But perspective is relative, so let’s gain
some. 165 years ago Lagos was an island fortress
and one of the principal roots of the slave trade, until the British navy bombarded it
into submission and abolished the practice. But slavery wasn’t outlawed in Northern
Nigeria until 1936. That means any Nigerian older than 85 can
probably still remember slavery, or was a slave themselves. In 1960, Nigeria gained independence from
the British. But, the country quickly became engulfed in
a civil war that killed as many as 3 million people. In the dark aftermath of this bloody conflict
the country had one thing going for it: oil, which provided a consistent source of income. But the temptation of controlling all that
black gold attracted deeply corrupt men, and Nigeria endured decades of violent struggles
between power-mad dictators and military officers. With just two legitimate presidential elections
under its belt, in 2011 and 2015, Nigeria has only had six years of truly peaceful,
independent — not completely corrupt — democratic rule in its entire history. All this upheaval was amplified by strong
ethnic and religious divisions throughout the country. So for the federal government to appear legitimate,
the capital had to move away from Lagos to a more centralized, neutral part of the country. Following in the footsteps of Brazil’s master-planned
capital, Brasilia, the Nigerians built an entire city from scratch during the 1980’s. The relocation of thousands of government
workers drove migration to this new capital, Abuja, the fastest growing city in the world
from 2000 to 2010. Unfortunately, while Abuja thrived, Lagos
languished. With the city far away now it became even
easier for deeply corrupt federal officials to neglect the megacity’s needs. But the its downward spiral is quickly changing
direction thanks — largely — to one man, the current governor of the state of Lagos,
Akinwunmi Ambode. Ambode earned his Master’s in accounting
from the University of Lagos and studied abroad in England, Switzerland, Singapore, and at
the Harvard Kennedy School of Government in Boston. [Osoba]: “Everything about this man is outstanding,
everything about him… He is someone who does not leave a place without
changing it for the better.” Now 53 — with a long career serving the
people of Lagos under his belt — Ambode hit the ground running upon his election in
2015. He immediately began holding regular town
hall meetings. This helped him tailor his plans to best affect
positive change for citizens that they could see and feel. He installed a team of competent deputies
who’ve helped him implement his mega-master plan of targeted micro projects to drastically
improve conditions throughout the city. Lagosians are already feeling the benefits
of his less than two years in office. [Citizen of Lagos]: “Today we are happy
because the government have done a perfect job here. Now we can have a good access roads to get
to our homes. And you can see business around this area,
they are doing very well.” By making road fixes his first major task,
Ambode wisely accomplished several important things that any new leader should immediately
set out to do: 1) He gave his team a series of small, achievable
goals to accomplish, allowing him time to weed out bad people and fix flawed management
processes that bog down efficiency. 2) He gave himself some time to become comfortable
in his new executive role and familiarize himself with the levers of power. And 3) He gained the trust of the people by
doing something simple, but important: completing a project that everyone wanted, on-time and
on-budget. Now that his government is working well, Ambode
is well positioned to tackle much more complex problems like improving the efficiency of
the bus system; building a massive urban rail system; providing all citizens with uninterrupted
access to electricity; cleaning up Lagos’ badly polluted environment; partnering with
private industry to try and give all Lagosians access to affordable food, housing, and health
care; and improving the pay of police, first responders, and security personnel. In addition to the construction of several
bridges and other traffic improvements, Lagos is also installing 6,000 new street lights
and 13,000 Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras and security sensors for surveillance
and crime prevention. These efforts are working: Lagos was named
the most security and safety-conscious state in all of Africa last year, and Ambode was
named Nigerian governor of the year. By leading the mega-overhaul in the way civil
society conducts itself, Ambode represents one half of the equation in creating a modern
Nigeria. He also seems perfectly positioned to go on
to serve as President and lead his people on their quest to claim their rightful place
as Africa’s powerhouse country. The other half of this modernization equation
rests largely on the success of two key mega-projects under construction in Lagos and Abuja: Eko
Atlantic, a financial hub that’s being built on reclaimed land along the coast; and Centenary
City, a gated luxury mini-city outside of Abuja where elites will live and stay while
conducting business in the capital. [Builder] “The goal is to establish Lagos
as the financial hub and commercial hub of the continent of Africa.” Geographically, Nigeria is centrally-positioned
to lead Africa’s emergence in the second half of the century, but it must approach
development carefully. With many parts of Lagos, and the rest of
the country, living in squalor without good jobs or adequate housing, spending tens of
billions of dollars to build playgrounds for the rich runs the risk of making the majority
of the Nigerian people feel neglected, and angry. In fact, the Centenary City project in Abuja
is already tainted by allegations of corruption. Another challenge facing Lagos is the unstoppable
rising sea level, which will eventually submerge most of the existing city. It faces the same dilemma as many other coastal
metropolises around the world: stop building on land that will likely be completely underwater
by the end of the century and start building inland, or live for the immediate future by
building where people want to live now, along the waterfront. I’m confident that you’ll be hearing a
lot more about Nigeria and it’s rising star, Governor Ambode, as the confronts these challenges
head-on in the years ahead. I’m glad you enjoyed our previous video
in this series about the push to land humans on Mars. It started some interesting exchanges around
colonizing space generally, how to specifically reach mars in the most efficient way, and
what we should call the global space agency I proposed forming to make it happen. Until next time, for TDC, I’m Bryce Plank.

100 comments on “Africa’s Mega-City: Future MEGAPROJECTS

  1. I don't think our high population is our major problem. There are many villages in Nigeria that are virtually empty. Our problem is the corrupt politicians that refuse to evenly develop the country which causes most of us to migrate to the few cities.

  2. LLLMMMMAAAOOOOO YOU REALLY DIDN'T PRAISE AMBODE LIKE THIS 😂😂😂. Half the civil servants hate him and he's riding on Fashola's glory

  3. Build it and they will come. Africa needs to improve its public profile and reputation in the world. The best way to do it is to build extravagant structures. In antiquity people built monuments because they attracted people from all over to come wonder at them and in the process they would pay tribute, bring trade, and all would lead to greater collection of taxes. Skyscrapers in extravagant cities are the monuments of today.

  4. Africa needs to become a world power with adequate living conditions, Africa is where all of humanity originated. It has great resources, forests down south, fresh water, it is the heartland of Earth after all

  5. If they can get rid of that disgusting slavery situation with Libya which is also perpuated by Italy and possibly France.

    BTW, remote viewers have said we've already been to Mars, but we are not welcome there. It was said a human fleet was sent and we're eaten. We have bases on the dark side of the moon alongside ET's who also have underground bases, but earth humans are said to not be welcome on Mars.

  6. @1:00. Wow…… So the British came to Nigeria to end slavery right?

    Nothing to do with the fact that constant invasions/land grabs and total destruction of the local industries from the Europeans/British first of all is the exact thing that turned slavery into a whole scale industry.

    Oh….. Let's not mention that before colonialism there were elders and other institutions within all West African empires that stopped the ruler from becoming an all powerful despot who prolonged his stay in power from the life support he received from "civilised" countries who needed someone in power who's only concern was greed to continue the colonial industrial (sucking the resources out of the country) economies going.

    Yes this documentary may be informative but it's also heavily whitewashed and therefore very brainwashing!!

    And no, this is not "bash the white man day" but when certain truths are left out an incredibly skewed picture is planted into the minds of those watching – – hence subliminally brainwashing them.

  7. I love this. Personally, I also hope Governor Ambode gets to lead Nigeria as president in the near future. He's a visionary and committed leader.

  8. why don't they just improve the lives of people first, who is going to rent these apartments if the average families in cities and town are struggling to put food on the table!

  9. so with so many land they need to go and build over the water???LOL
    it sounds someone is making laundry…

  10. the city is badly designed and ocean will swallow it – basically you'll have to demolish the coastal areas of the city and end up placing the city a several kilometers inlandwise

  11. That is some good news for my mother Africa … please watch my channel for gymnastics videos and please suscribe to help and support my channel grow .. God bless ya all https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCImWcoBYztNDFvIbGb11FgA

  12. the renewal of lagos didn't start with ambode …the city state has been fortunate to have had several good governors before him,…he has been the best so far,…Lagos is setting a good pace for the rest of Nigeria and west Africa. More than Eko, there are other projects ongoing that will ultimately be more beneficial to the city. the bus, rail and ferry systems, the Dangote refinary. the continued road improvements. Lagos is already the 5th largest economy in Africa and the way it's growing will be the 3rd largest by 2023 bigger than practically all of Africa's countries. Lagos is a major economic engine pulling all of west Africa with it.

  13. Great video and a great man, I think people like Ambode should rule this plaent and seasteads are a good solutuion to rising sea levels, check out the varyon project, maybe will be good for Nigeria to create sea steads.

  14. Lagos is trying so hard to become the next Dubai with this Eko Atlantic project. Why can’t they invest in improving the lives of its citizens before trying to accomplish this great feat?

  15. Why does he begin his narrative with the British "rescuing" the natives from slavery when we all know the British were some of the biggest culprits involved in the kidnapping and enslavement of African people in Nigeria. Does every analysis of African society have to reference slavery?

  16. Why does he begin his narrative with the British "rescuing" the natives from slavery when we all know the British were some of the biggest culprits involved in the kidnapping and enslavement of African people in Nigeria. Does every analysis of African society have to reference slavery?

  17. Do a video on Israel plz. Like how Netanyahu has increased the GDP per capita from the level of Greece to the level of Japan, UK, Germany, France, and the UAE.

  18. Make sure you detail that slavery in Nigeria was the result of the Muslim caliphate at the time. Most Americans are too stupid and will think anything about slavery is because of white people.

  19. Good luck Nigeria…We in Jamaica look to you with hope that you will provide the blueprint for third world success in our lifetime.

  20. Africa… doing anything to progress humanity and coming together and not slaughtering each other…. riiiiggghhhhttttt…..

  21. They built the fastest growing city from 2000 to 2010, and they forgot about Lagos what does Nigeria 🇳🇬 have LEGO supplies or ties with Denmark

  22. If everybody wants to libe the live of americans amd europeans we are not comming far. We will waste all of earths resources and will have thousamds of animals go ectinct

  23. I FOUND A SOLUTION THAT WOULD HELP AFRICA, ONE CHILD POLICY. THIS WILL REDUCE THE NUMBER OF POPULATION, IMMIGRATION AND POVERTY

  24. 2:55 Would you also do your duty of mentioning the country in which Boston is, like how you mentioned other countries?!

  25. So the Europeans, who practiced slavery in Africa through colonisation, forced the Africans to end the slave trade did they. The same slave trade that the Europeans were happily benefiting from. Any Nigerian over 85 can remember slavery or was a slave himself?! It's hard to take anything said here seriously.

  26. Urban planning, less dependant upon sprawl 🙏
    Please design these developing mega cities so that they're more beautifully compact, walkable, in the long term supporting more healthy communities for patrons and their literal environment beyond themselves.

    I sincerely hope they take their opportunity to shape their future with these values at the forefront of decision making. It will help them tremendously financially healthcare wise and societal well-being wise. Please encourage urban agriculture so that inhabitants have access to healthy choices and minimize pollution/trash issues via lowering the transport of the largest good required to survive and packaging.

    Hoping these tips will be integrated, embraced and better innovated here for long term societal strength and fortitude, peace.

  27. Nigeria should vote a new leader like Sowore he will improve transport, electricity supply and clean water he even has an idea of using desalination to stop rising sea levels and provide clean water supply if we vote in new leaders Nigeria will have hope of a better future with good economic growth lower poverty rates etc #AACparty #Sowore #revolutionnow

  28. Thats why Africa should work together to create cities that are up to the most modern standard so they can project power far from them. (Ciaro – Lagos – Pretoria, Johannesburg – Nairobi – Timbuktu (education) Middle of Ziare – Swakopmund area – Lake Malawi City – East side of refilled Lake Chad – Algiers ) All of them would have a different main industry and they will all be transport hubs with all road and rail coming and going from them.

  29. 🤔 now summer 2019 cairo it 25 Million people in lagos is 22 Million people

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