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Angeles City | Wikipedia audio article


Angeles, officially the City of Angeles (Kapampangan:
Lakanbalen ning Angeles; Filipino: Lungsod ng Angeles), or simply referred to as Angeles
City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the region of Central Luzon, Philippines.
According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 411,634 people.It is bordered by Mabalacat
to the north; Mexico to the east; San Fernando to the southeast; Bacolor to the south; and
Porac to the southwest and west. Though the city administers itself autonomously from
Pampanga, it is the province’s commercial and financial hub.
Angeles is served by the Clark International Airport in Clark Freeport Zone. Being home
of the former Clark Air Base (once the largest United States military facility outside the
continental United States), it was significantly affected by the fallout from the eruption
of Mount Pinatubo in 1991. The economy of Angeles was heavily dependent on the American
base at that time.In 1993, a full cleanup and removal of volcanic ash deposits began
and the former U.S. base was transformed into the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ). The
creation of CSEZ has helped to offset the loss of income and jobs previously generated
by the presence of the U.S. base in the city. Today, Angeles and Clark form the hub for
business, industry, aviation, and tourism in the Philippines as well as a leisure, fitness,
entertainment and gaming center of Central Luzon.Angeles ranked 15th in a survey by MoneySense
magazine as one of the “Best Places to Live in the Philippines” in its March–April 2008
issue.Angeles is 83 kilometres (52 mi) from Manila and 17 kilometres (11 mi) from the
provincial capital, San Fernando.==Etymology==
The name Ángeles is derived from the Spanish El Pueblo de los Ángeles (“The Town of the
Angels”) in honour of its patron saints, Los Santos Ángeles Custodios (Holy Guardian Angels),
and the name of its founder, Don Ángel Pantaleón de Miranda.==History=====
Spanish period===In 1796, the gobernadorcillo or town head
of San Fernando, Don Ángel Pantaleón de Miranda, and his wife, Doña Rosalía de Jesús,
along with some followers, staked out a new settlement, which they named Culiát because
of the abundance of vines of that name in the area. The new settlers cleared the woodland
and cultivated the area for rice and sugar farming. Don Ángel built his first house
with light materials at the northwest corner of the intersection of Sapang Balen and the
road going towards the town of Porac. It was later donated to the Catholic Church and became
a cemetery called “Campo Santong Matua” (today the site of Nepomuceno Coliseum).On 12 May
1812, the new settlers tried to make Culiat a self-governing town but the friars resisted
the move, led by Fray José Pometa. Ten years later, on 11 February 1822, Don Ángel filed
a petition for the township of Culiat to secede from San Fernando, but it was denied. This
was followed by another petition within the same year, jointly signed by Don Ángel, his
son-in-law, Mariano Henson, and the latter’s father, Severino Henson. He donated 35 hectares
for the construction of the first Catholic church, a convent and a primary school while
Doña Agustina Henson de Nepomuceno, the niece of who would become the first gobernadorcillo
of Angeles in 1830, Don Ciriaco de Miranda, gave land for the new public market. Don Ángel
paid the complete amount required by law just for the secession of Culiat from San Fernando.
There were only 160 taxpayers then but the law required that it should have at least
500 taxpayers.Located some 10 miles (16 km) north of Pampanga’s capital, Culiat became
a barrio of San Fernando for 33 years and on 8 December 1829, became a separate municipality.
The newly-autonomous town was renamed “El Pueblo de los Ángeles” in honor of its patron
saints, the Holy Angels, and the name of its founder, Don Ángel, coinciding with the rise
of new barrios such as Santo Cristo (as the población or town proper), Cutcut, Pampang
and Pulong Anunas. The progressive barrios developed some new industries like a sugar
mill and a wine distillery. The transition of Angeles from a jungle clearing to a barrio,
to a town and finally to a city took 168 years and in all that time, it survived locusts’
infestations, wars, epidemics, volcanic eruptions and typhoons to become one of the fast rising
towns in the country. When it received its first official municipal charter, the town
contained some 661 people, 151 houses and an area of 38.65 km².On 17 March 1899, General
Emilio Aguinaldo transferred the seat of the First Philippine Republic to Angeles. It then
became the site of celebrations for the first anniversary of Philippine independence, which
was proclaimed a year earlier in Kawit, Cavite. Events included a parade, led by the youngest
ever Filipino generals, Gregorio del Pilar and Manuel Tinio, with General Aguinaldo viewing
the proceedings from the Pamintuan Residence, which was the Presidential Palace from May
to July 1899 (and later was the Central Bank of the Philippines office in Central Luzon,
before its ownership passed to the National Historical Commission of the Philippines).
Aguinaldo’s sojourn was short, however, for in July of this same year he transferred his
government to the province of Tarlac following Angeles’ occupation by the American forces.===American period===
On 10 August 1899, U.S. forces began the attack on Angeles confident in capturing it in a
few days. However, the Filipino Army defending the town refused to give in so easily and
fiercely fought back and for three months, they battled the Americans in and around the
town. It was only after the battle on 5 November 1899 that the town finally fell into American
hands. The Battle of Angeles was considered to be the longest in the history of the Filipino-American
War in Pampanga. This led to the establishment of an American camp in Barrio Talimundoc (in
what is now Lourdes Sur), located next to the railroad station, in order to establish
control over the central plains of Luzon. In January 1900, General Frederick D. Grant
organized the first U.S. Civil Government in Angeles by appointing an alcalde or municipal
mayor, beginning American rule over Angeles.In 1902, the United States Army studied relocating
their post from Barrio Talimundoc to a fertile plain in Barrio Sapang Bato, which supposedly
had better grass for their horses. A year after that, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt
signed an executive order on 1 September, establishing 7,700 acres (31 km2) of land
in Sapang Bato as Fort Stotsenburg (which later would expand to 156,204 acres (632.14
km2) in 1908 to become Clark Air Base). It was centered on what would in later years
become Clark Air Base’s parade ground.The Americans quickly commandeered Holy Rosary
Parish Church and converted it into an army hospital, with the choir loft served as a
dental clinic. The convento, which now houses Holy Family Academy, was the barracks for
medical officers and enlisted men. The sacristy was the only portion where Angeleños could
hear Mass. When the Americans finally vacated the church in 1904 and relocated to Fort Stotsenburg,
parish priest Rev. Vicente Lapus listed a total of US$638 for portions of the church
destroyed, looted church items and treasures, and arrears on rentals.===World War II===
Hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japan attacked the Philippines, targeting the American
military presence, as well as the Philippine Army, and taking over the civilian government.
During the Japanese occupation in the country, 57,000 Filipino and American prisoners of
war passed the town of Angeles. They were forced to join the Bataan Death March, going
to Camp O’Donnell in Capas, Tarlac. Angeleños showed their sympathy by handing them food,
milk, boiled eggs, rice cakes, cigarettes, and water. Angeleños followed them up to
the train station in Dau railway station in Mabalacat to give moral and spiritual support,
and even helped the escapees. War historians considered the bombing of Fort
Stotsenburg on 8 December 1941 at 12:30 p.m. as one of the most destructive air raids in
World War II, because almost all the American war planes were wrecked on the ground. In
thirty minutes, the air might of America in the Far East was completely destroyed.
On the early morning of New Year’s Day 1942, the first Japanese troops entered Angeles;
they would occupy it until January 1945. During the Japanese invasion, another type of local
government was set up on 22 January 1942. During the Japanese occupation, Clark Air
Base then became a major center for staging Japanese air operations. Japanese aircraft
flying out of Clark participated in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, considered to be the largest
naval battle of the Second World War and possibly the largest naval battle in history.Clark
Air Base was recaptured by the Americans in January 1945, after three months of fierce
fighting in the Philippines. After three years of atrocities committed by Japanese forces,
the town and the rest of the Philippines were finally liberated by the combined United States
and Philippine Commonwealth troops in 1945. The building of the general headquarters of
the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary was situated in Angeles from
January 1945 to June 1946, during and after World War II.===Independence and cityhood===
After World War II, the Philippines gained independence from the United States on 4 July
1946, but then would be tied to a neo-colonial relationship. The “Treaty of General Relations”
signed on independence day itself signified the Americans’ withdrawal and surrender of
possession, control and sovereignty over the Philippines, except the use of their bases.
It was followed by the Philippine-American Military Bases Agreement on 14 March 1947,
allowing the U.S. to maintain territorial integrity and sovereignty over Clark Air Base
and Subic Naval Base for the next 44 years. Clark occupied 63,103 hectares and served
as the tactical operational U.S. air force installation in the entire Southeast Asian
region that had the capacity to accommodate the U.S. military transport planes, which
served the entire Western Pacific. Through the years, although Fort Stotsenburg
continued to expand to become what is now known as Clark Air Base, Angeles, despite
its proximity to the American camp, did not progress fast and remained fairly small until
the end of World War II. It was finally inaugurated on 1 January 1964 as a chartered city under
Republic Act No. 3700 and then it entered a period of tremendous growth that has resulted
in its present position as the “Premier City in Central Luzon.” It was then Mayor Rafael
del Rosario’s brainchild that Angeles became a city. He gained the distinction of being
the last municipal mayor of Angeles. He was assisted in the preparation of the City Chapter
by Attorney Enrique Tayag, a prominent resident of the town. Congresswoman Juanita L. Nepomuceno
of the first district of Pampanga sponsored the bill in Congress, which was approved by
then President Diosdado Macapagal, the ninth Philippine president and a native of the province
of Pampanga.===Mount Pinatubo eruption and Angeles today
===On 15 June 1991, Angeles was affected by the
cataclysmic eruption of nearby Mount Pinatubo, with up to 60,000 people being evacuated from
the city. It was the second-largest volcanic eruption of the twentieth century and, by
far, the largest eruption to affect a densely populated area. The province of Pampanga,
Clark specifically, were badly hit and the agricultural lands, as well as other businesses,
were covered by tons of lahar. There were no casualties reported inside Clark two days
from the initial eruption because the 18,000 personnel and their families were transported
to Guam and the Subic Naval Base in Zambales. The eruption of Mount Pinatubo forced the
leadership of the U.S. to prematurely abandon its military installation at Clark Air Base.
This is in addition to the voting by the Philippine Senate in 1991 to no longer extend the Laurel–Langley
Agreement, which allowed the presence of U.S. military forces on Philippine territory, thus
ending the long chapter of Filipino-American relations in the history of Angeles. The U.S.
military never returned to Clark, turning over the damaged base to the Philippine government
on 26 November 1991In 1993, cleanup and removal of volcanic ash deposits began. The former
base re-emerged as Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) approved by then President Fidel
V. Ramos on 3 April of the same year. The airfield infrastructure was improved and destined
to be the premiere airport in the country in the next five years and one of the most
modern in Asia. The creation of CSEZ has helped to offset the loss of income and jobs previously
generated by the presence of the U.S. base. Today, Angeles and Clark together form the
hub for business, industry, aviation and tourism, as well as the entertainment and gaming center
of Central Luzon. According to the Center for Kapampangan Studies, the dish sisig originated
in this city and has been on the menu since the 1730s. Pampanga is well known as the culinary
center of the Philippines. In 2018, Angeles applied to be a UNESCO Creative City, while
it also applied sisig into the UNESCO List of Intangible Cultural Heritage. The applications
are currently being processed by UNESCO.==Climate==
Under the Köppen climate classification system, Angeles has a tropical savanna climate that
borders on a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Aw/Am).
Angeles experiences two distinct seasons: a dry season from December through April,
with a wet season from May through November. From 1953 to 1991, the mean daily low was
73.6 °F and the mean daily high was 88.1 °F, with June being warmest and January and
February being the coolest. The average annual rainfall is 78.39 inches. Typhoons tend to
approach from the east during the summer and fall. Many damaging storms struck the city,
including Typhoon Irma on 28 November 1974 (generally considered to be the strongest
one); Typhoon Rita on 27 October 1978; Typhoon Irma (the name was reused) on 24 November
1981; Typhoon Ruby on 25 October 1988; and Typhoon Yunya on 15 June 1991 which coincided
with the Mount Pinatubo blast. In July 1972, Central Luzon experienced a month of nearly
continuous rain, resulting in 96 inches falling on the plain around Angeles.==Barangays==
Angeles is divided into 33 barangays.===Anunas===
Anunas is the barangay that houses the city’s Korean Town, a chain of Korean establishments
along the Fil-Am Friendship Highway. Anunas is also identified as one of the growth centers
of the city, focusing on light industries such as woodcarving and rattan craft.===Balibago and Malabanias===Balibago is the main entertainment district
of Angeles. It contains Casino Filipino Angeles and the famous Fields Avenue tourist belt.
Entertainment-related establishments such as The Dollhouse Group, Kokomo’s Hotel Group
also spill to Malabañas, which is situated next to Balibago. Hotels, such as Penthouse
Hotel, Lewis Grand Hotel, and Angeles Beach Club (ABC) Hotel are also abundant along Don
Juico Avenue, which stretches from Balibago to Malabañas. The city’s biggest mall, SM
City Clark, is also situated in Barangay Malabañas.===Pampang and San Nicolas===
These two barangays form the main public market district of the city. The Pampang Wet Market,
San Nicolas Market, Friday Flea Market (locally referred to as Apu), Jumbo Jenra Angeles,
Puregold Angeles, and the Angeles Slaughterhouse are found here. The Pampang Wet Market is
the largest and most frequented wet market in the province of Pampanga. It also attracts
people from nearby towns. Ospital Ning Angeles (ONA),City College of Angeles, Angeles City
National High School are located in Pampang.===Pulung Maragul===Pulung Maragul is the barangay that houses
the city’s government complex, which includes the Angeles City Hall, the Angeles City Hall
of Justice, and other government buildings. It is also the location of the Angeles Exit
of the North Luzon Expressway and Marquee Mall, Ayala’s first mall in Central Luzon.
Marquee Place and Marquee Residences later rose in Pulung Maragul as well, next to the
mall.===Santo Rosario===
Santo Rosario is the poblacion. It is home to most of Angeles’ heritage and historical
structures such as the Holy Rosary Church, Pamintuan Mansion which is privately owned
by Maverick Pamintuan, Bale Herencia, and Museo ning Angeles (former City Hall building).
Holy Angel University, Central Luzon’s largest university in terms of population, is also
located here. Plans of declaring the barangay or parts of it a heritage zone are ongoing.===Sapangbato===
Sapangbato is the largest barangay in Angeles in terms of territory, with a total land area
of 104,694 sq. meters and a population of 11,262. Located northwest of Angeles near
Clark Freeport Zone, it is identified as the barangay in Angeles with the highest elevation
of 750 feet above sea level. It is home to Fort Stotsenburg, also known as the Parade
Grounds of Clark. apl.de.ap, member of the hip hop group The Black Eyed Peas, hails from
Sapangbato. The famous Puning Hot Springs of Brgy. Inararo in Porac are accessed through
Sitio Target in Sapangbato.==Demographics=====
Culture===The city also hosts a street party called
the Tigtigan Terakan keng Dalan (lit. Music and Dancing on the Streets) every October
which features musical performances from both amateur and better-known OPM bands.In December,
the festivities dedicated to the Kapmpangan dish, sisig was used to be held every December.
The Sisig Festival locally known as the Sadsaran Qng Angeles was held annually. It was halted
in 2008 following the death of Lucia Cunanan who is known for promoting the dish.===Religion===
Majority of the population of Angeles is Catholic.. At least two major festivals associated with
the Catholic faith are held in October in the city. Commemorating the victory of the
Spanish fleet over the Dutch Navy in 1646, the La Naval Fiesta is celebrated in honor
of the Our Lady of La Naval de Manila with adherents believing that her intercession
was instrumental to the Spaniards’ naval victory. The Apu Fiesta involves devotees from all
over Pampanga making a visit to the Apu shrine to venerate the image of Jesus Christ lying
in the sepulchre which is believed to be miraculous by believers.===Expatriate community===
Owing to the presence of the nearby U.S. base and consequent Freeport Zone, many Americans
chose to permanently settle in the area, particularly in the Balibago district, and thus Angeles
became home to a large colony of expatriates. During the American colonial period (1898–1946),
more than 800,000 Americans were born in the Philippines, and a large concentration of
Filipino mestizos or Filipinos with American ancestry were located in this city.==Economy==Despite the major challenges that were faced
by the city, such as the removal of the U.S. Clark Air Base and the Mount Pinatubo’s eruption
in 1991, all these have been surpassed by Angeleños. The improvement in the economy
of Angeles was said to have been triggered by the transformation of the U.S. base into
Clark Freeport Zone, where the Clark International Airport is located. Angeles is home to an
emerging technology industry. Its economy is based also on tourism and gambling. Fields
Avenue forms the hub of the night life industry focused in Angeles. With close proximity to
an international airport in Clark Freeport, Angeles is visited by foreigners all year
round. In the 2000s, the local government of Angeles
rebranded the Fields Avenue tourist belt as a high-end destination with fine restaurants
and luxury hotels and casinos The finishing of roads, such as the Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway,
has improved trade and transport. The project connects the industrial, transport and business
hubs of Pampanga, Zambales, Bataan and Tarlac. The project is crucial to bolstering growth
in Central Luzon.The city has cottage industries producing rattan furniture, coconuts, and
charcoal briquettes. It also has many thriving export businesses in handicrafts, metal crafts,
toys, houseware and garments. Apart from the Clark Freeport Zone, industrial areas include
the Angeles Livelihood Village and the Angeles City Industrial Estate.Call centers present
are e-Telecare, CyberCity, Sutherland and IRMC, plus other American IT industries are
major employers as well. The establishment of a number of shopping malls also fueled
the city’s economy, including SM City Clark, Robinson’s Place Angeles, Jenra Grand Mall,
Nepo Mall, Saver’s Mall and the Marquee Mall, next to the City Hall.There is also a proposal
of constructing a new Formula One quality circuit in a 2,000-hectare lot fronting the
North Luzon Expressway between Angeles and Subic Bay, from which the country may soon
play host to prestigious international car-racing events and possibly bid to become one of the
venues of the world-renowned Formula One series.Angeles City houses numerous restaurants that contribute
to the growth of the economy. These are located near the malls and mostly in Nepo Quad which
was newly renovated to cater the heightened needs of the population. In 2017 to 2018,
with the fast-growing economy in Angeles City, it was suggested that Gustav has an estimated
gross sales of 10,800,000, Bifs has 9,000,000, Cisan has 8,640,000, Downtown Cafe has 7,800,000,
Dainty has 7,560,000, Ala Creme has 7,200,000, Binalot has 6,480,000, K Cafe has 4,320,000,
New York Supreme has 2,880,000, Grill Side has 2,100,000, Limone has 1,700,000, 19 Copung
Copung has 5,200,000 and Camalig has 3,900,000 on estimated gross sales.==Tourism=====
Historical sites===Fort Stotsenburg
Fort Stotsenburg, named after Colonel John M. Stotsenburg, a captain of the 6th U.S.
Cavalry, was the location of the permanent quarters of the American forces in Sapang
Bato, Angeles. It is also known as the “Parade Ground,” which served as a venue for many
important celebrations by the Americans before the Philippine-American Military Bases Agreement
ended in 1991.Salakot Arch Salakot Arch is a landmark of Angeles. From
1902 to 1979, Clark Air Base remained a U.S. territory, guaranteed by the Military Bases
Agreement in 1947. In 1978, the Philippines, under the dispensation of then President Ferdinand
Marcos, and the U.S. finally agreed to establish Philippine sovereignty over the U.S. bases
and thus the Clark Air Base Command (CABCOM) of the Armed Forces of the Philippines came
into being, following the signing of a revised Military Bases Agreement on 7 January 1979.
To commemorate this unprecedented and bold event, the government constructed a special
structure based upon the design of a salakot or native hat, which soon became a widely
recognized symbol of this renewed Filipino spirit.
Old Pamintuan Residence Old Pamintuan Residence served as the seat
of government of the First Philippine Republic under General Emilio Aguinaldo from May to
July 1899 and the central headquarters for Major General Arthur MacArthur, Jr., the father
of General Douglas MacArthur. It used to serve as municipal hall of Angeles and later the
Central Bank of the Philippines in Central Luzon. Currently, the National Historical
Commission and the city government with the help of the embassy of France in the Philippines
are funding the restoration of the mansion into the Museum of Philippine Social History.Founders’
Residence (Bale Matua) Located at the heart of Santo Rosario, it
is the oldest building in the city. It was built in 1824 by the city founder, Don Ángel
Pantaleón de Miranda, and his wife, Doña Rosalia de Jesus, and was inherited by their
only daughter, Doña Juana de Miranda de Henson. This house, which is made of high stone and
an ornate gate, nostalgically symbolizes the glorious past of Angeles amidst the overwhelming
onslaughts of modernization.Camalig Camalig was built in 1840 by Don Ciriaco de
Miranda, the first gobernadorcillo of Angeles, and was used as a grain storehouse along Santo
Rosario Street. It was restored in 1980 by Armando L. Nepomuceno and is now the site
of Armando’s Pizza and the historic Camalig Restaurant.Post Office Building (Deposito)
It is a building that was constructed in 1899 for the purpose of depositing religious statues
and carriages of the Catholic Church, hence the name Deposito. It was also used as the
headquarters of the 11th Film Exchange U.S. Army from 1946 to 1947 and was then used as
a jailhouse for recalcitrant U.S. troops during the Philippine–American War. On 6 February
1967, the Angeles Post Office moved to this building. It is now the site of Angeles Physical
Therapy Rehabilitation Center. Holy Rosary Church (Santo Rosario Church)
Holy Rosary Church (Santo Rosario Church) was constructed from 1877 to 1896 by the “Polo
y Servicio” labor system, a kind of forced labor imposed on Filipino peasants by the
Spanish colonial government. It was used as a military hospital by the U.S. Army from
August 1899 to December 1900. Its backyard was the execution ground to the Spanish forces
in shooting down Filipino rebels and suspects.Holy Family Academy Building
Holy Family Academy Building was once a convent and was served as a military hospital of the
U.S. Army in 1900. It was later used as troop barracks, officers’ quarters and arsenal by
the Japanese Imperial Military Forces in the year of 1942.
Bale Herencia (Ancestral House) Built in 1860, is situated in Lakandula Street
corner Santo Rosario Street. It is a picturesque house with the unsavory reputation of having
been built for the mistress of a parish priest. The current owners have leased the place to
various restaurants, food stalls, and other businesses like salons and computer shops.
The antique architecture, however, is still preserved.Juan D. Nepomuceno Center for Kapampangan
Studies Houses a library, museum of archives and gallery,
research center and theater, put up by the Holy Angel University in 2002 to preserve,
study and promote Kapampangan history and culture. In 2012, the Museum of Kapampangan
Arts was also opened in the university, housing some of National Artist Vicente Manansala’s
works and drafts.Lily Hill Lily Hill was a strategic observation post
for monitoring Japanese movement in World War II. Remains of Japanese aircraft were
found here at the end of the war. Along this hill can now be found Lily Hill Duty Free
Store.Bayanihan Park Bayanihan Park (formerly Astro Park) is an
ideal spot for sports and recreational activities having basketball and volleyball courts and
huge space for jogging and other recreational activities. This is where the famous and historical
“Salakot Arch” is now located. It is being managed by SM City Clark.
Museo ning Angeles (Museum of Angeles) Museo ning Angeles (Museum of Angeles) is
a vintage building located at the prime “Santo Rosario Historic District” across the Holy
Rosary Church. This edifice was constructed in 1922 and served as the Municipio del Pueblo
or Town Hall until 1998. The Museum has become the venue of the city’s cultural activities
be it from the or government sector. From the time it opened in the year 1999, it has
been a beehive of activity from exhibits, art classes, concerts, venue for performances
and climax for traditional celebrations. In June 2012, the National Museum of the Philippines
declared the Museo ning Angeles as an “Important Cultural Property of the Philippines,” the
first cultural property to be given such a distinction. The museum is currently administered
by Kuliat Foundation, Inc. Inside the museum is Balikdan (meaning “to
look back”) which is about understanding Angeles’s past for the present. It encapsulates coherently
our colorful and evolving history, and enabling us to arrive at our expected destination.
The sections begin with the establishment of Culiat in 1796 and finish with Mt. Pinatubo’s
fury in 1991. Also within the infrastructure is the Culinarium.
Pampanga, most specifically Angeles, is known as the “Culinary Capital of the Philippines.”
This is dedicated to the Kapampangan culinary arts and science that has emanated from the
basic concept that the preparation of food is a heritage and a legacy worth preserving.
Dioramic Scenes of Traditional Life in Pampanga, which is depicted in ten tableaus, are scenes
of traditional town and country life in Pampanga. These dioramas were created by fashion designer
Beatriz ‘Patis’ Pamintuan Tesoro using her Nenita dolls dressed in the most intricately
embroidered Filipiniana outfits, with amazing detailing not only on the clothes, but also
in the accessories and background. Reynaldo G. Alejandro Culinary Library
The Reynaldo G. Alejandro Culinary Library is dedicated to the memory of Mr. Reynaldo
‘Ronnie’ Gamboa Alejandro (1941–2009), who was a leading exponent of Filipino arts
and culture. Some years before his untimely demise, Ronnie donated a part of his extensive
library to the Culiat Foundation in support of its efforts to promote and preserve the
Kapampangan culinary heritage.===Sex tourism===
A consequence of the U.S. bases’ presence in the country is the prostitution industry
in the city. Since the early days of Clark Air Base, Fields Avenue in Balibago district
is an area frequently visited by the U.S. servicemen, has been known as a center for
prostitution and sex tourism. A BBC article characterized it as “the centre
of the Philippines sex industry” and dubbed it “Sin City.”
Elsewhere and in later years, Philippine travel publications have described it as the “Entertainment
Capital of Central Luzon” and “Entertainment City.”==Schools=====
Tertiary and higher education===Rafael L Lazatin Memorial Highschool (RLLMHS
MAIN) Angeles City National Trade School==Notable people====
Sister cities==Angeles has the following sister cities: Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
Seo District, Daegu, South Korea Davao City, Philippines
Cabanatuan City, Philippines San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines
Valenzuela, Philippines==References====
External links==Official Angeles City website
Up-to-date guide on Angeles City attractions Philippine Standard Geographic Code
Philippine Census Information Local Governance Performance Management System
Interactive street map of Angeles City area

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