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Module 2: How the Development Stages of Children Unfold

Module 2: How the Development Stages of Children Unfold


– Generally speaking, the
stages of child development can be divided into four age groups. There can be a lot of
variation and overlap though. And each child is unique. The more aware you are of where students fall on the development spectrum, the better prepared you will be to give them the specific
support they need. Usually between age five and seven, a student’s brain grows to
almost it’s full adult size. Motor skills are much sharper by now, and speech is more proper. Often by this point,
students have mastered hand-eye coordination, and are thinking in more literal terms. You might notice students
in this age range giving human traits to inanimate objects. For example, seeing a rose
bush with thorns is bad. They might show variations
in aggression at this stage. Overall, a five to seven year old shows a pretty good understanding of self. Typical eight to 10 year old students are starting to think
in more logical terms. They might be very active,
needing frequent breaks. They want to do things by themselves, but they also need plenty of guidance. You might notice that they
are sensitive to criticism, and respond well to praise. They’re forming tighter
bonds with their friends, and they’re very curious and eager to participate in activities. You might see a wide range of
reading skills at this stage. By ages 11 to 13, small muscle coordination
has improved in students. They might feel
self-conscious about puberty, and the ways their bodies are changing. It’s not unusual for
students in this age range to repeatedly test limits. Friends are more valuable
to them than ever before, and they’re typically very concerned about how others see them. Students in this age range are also beginning to see the
world more objectively. You might notice emotional insecurities. Between ages 14 and 16, a lot of body and appetite
changes are happening. Students are growing more
concerned about their appearance. They’re often developing
a better understanding of moral principles. They might be able to
pay attention longer, but they’re also still testing limits. You might see them trying to
manipulate others, for example. Like younger students, 14 to 16 year olds are
sensitive to praise. They see the world pretty objectively, but they’re starting to see
adults more subjectively now. Remember, as caring adults, our role is to support
kids through every stage, so they reach adulthood ready to take on whatever
challenged they will face.

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