Modernization Hub

Modernization and Improvement
Rudolph’s Virtues: Environmental Impact & How Big is Your Climate -Jim McDonald

Rudolph’s Virtues: Environmental Impact & How Big is Your Climate -Jim McDonald

Our next speaker is an EGSA member, Jim
McDonald, he is director of environmental impact for Power secure and he’s been in
our industry for more than 25 years. Jim is an expert on environmental controls
for power generation equipment he’s also a co-founder of Mira tech Corp and has a
patent pending from his work with the right post Corporation and regularly
testifies in front of the EPA and several state rulemaking committees he
has also been a rolly school of instructor since 2008 and it’s
consistently given higher than average evaluation scores by those attending the
school Jim off authored the engine emissions chapter for the EGS a
reference book a comprehensive guide to on-site power he is an active conference
attendee and even chaired the Green Committee from 2012 to 2014 ladies and
gentlemen it’s my honor to give a warm welcome to one of our tireless
volunteers a good friend of mine as well Jim McDonald of Power secure so a little bit of background here this
is a 45-minute presentation and I have 15 minutes to do it so rather than blow
your ears off okay I’m gonna hit the high points I’m
gonna I don’t want to keep you from your salads but any other big eighties fans
out there I’d I mean I this morning oh my god that was just floored I was the
highlight of my life to meet cliff that was fantastic
so you probably know this band sorry if I’m being too loud this is this is the
overwhelming theme of emissions presentations for the last 15 years is
we’re gonna scare the heck out of it with Tier four I usually ask people to
lock the doors because an emissions conversation is is better attended if
you limit the escape routes but I’m you know to port came and it didn’t go it
came and stayed and it really wasn’t as scary as we thought it was going to be
and my the proposition that I wanted to kind of throw out to the crowd is let’s
embrace it because I really believe that there’s some virtue in it and if we’re
not afraid of it it could very well save our industry so I won’t go too fast but
I’m gonna give some definitions tell some stories the stories is well going
to cut short show some maps and as I said save our industry the objective
tear today is the organizers of this event you have to read this the
organizers of this event asked it to be informative non-commercial somewhat
entertaining but they didn’t say well it didn’t they didn’t say it couldn’t be
personal so I have a couple of things in here that that actually have to do with
me I’ve given this presentation in some sort of form a hundred times and the
only thing that could potentially go wrong is if it turns into a political
discussion so as far as the practice of tree-hugging I am
Gnostic I I I want you at the end of this thing to say the guy was pretty
informative but I have no idea how he voted so if you are a Trump guy and you
think you’re gonna he’s gonna do away with the EPA and build a wall to keep
the full polar bears up north great if you’re a Hillary fan and she was gonna
put a seal on the cabinet fantastic I really I’m gonna hit the middle of the
road and we’re not gonna let it get off the tracks so my title as how mentioned
a director of environmental impact and thanks for not choking on that expert
part that was great the first call I took after that came up on LinkedIn was
from Michael Pope and he said what the heck is that
of course it sounded a lot more distinguished because he’s got that
overindulgent English accent but he what it is when you want to look at an
environmental impact the EPA has a definition of environmental impact it’s
when they whenever they write a law they want to see what positive and negative
effects that law is going to create and how widespread the ramifications are but
you can look at an environmental impact a million different ways you can look at
it as as a rule for the EPA you can look at it as an industry a group like ours
what is our environmental impact what is our goal you can do it for individuals
and organizations so this this part of the presentation of what kind of whip
through because in the matter of time but if is anyone here read any books on
Rudolf diesel there’s it’s it’s kind of sad that we don’t know the founder of
this industry and he was a tremendous man he had a lot of ultra salt ristic
intense and he did some incredible things but you can’t really tell a
compelling story without first thing in face that’s our hero at nine years old
he was born in France in 1858 he lived there till he was 12 years old
he was a genius he was a very very smart kid he got himself into some trouble it
was John Ratzenberger wart 11 younger rudolph he once took apart a cuckoo
clock and could have put it cut it back together again got in big trouble for
that he once messed with the stove and almost blew up his apartment but he was
actually a very very smart man he spoke three languages or as a kid spoke three
languages taught by his mother and he used to
wander the museum’s of Paris and one of the things he saw while he was there was
the cognate steam engine Nicolas could not had invented this steam tractor a
hundred years prior and and diesel was fascinated with it he drew a lot of
pictures of it and that they found later in his life and it was just something
that really made an impression on him when he was about 12 the franco-prussian
war broke out Napoleon the third was leading Germany at the time he wasn’t a
real effective leader he actually backed the south in our Civil War but I’m not
gonna go into politics so what Rudolf did with his family is
they because the war broke out they had to go to London so he was in London for
about 12 weeks and he wanted the museums there but one of the things he saw was
the the the sweatshops of the day you know the mills and everything in London
and he was really affected by it he it made an impression for the rest of his
life he was gonna fight for the working man and it was one of the virtues that
we wanted to talk about is it made such an impression on him so he went to
London he only was there again for for several months and then he went to
Germany to live with his uncle and go to the schools in Munich it was a much
better plan for him that his parents were struggling financially so he went
there one of the things that’s funny about so he goes to Munich again I’ll
keep this short he goes to Munich he graduated top of his class from his high
school he had the best grades ever recorded at the school he was the
youngest person ever graduated from the school so in 19 he becomes a German
citizen he’s quite proud of that but what goes along with becoming a German
citizen as you are immediately enrolled in the army he couldn’t actually serve
in the army because believe it or not he had asthma but we’ll get back to that
these are the important this is the meat of what I wanted to talk about let’s
talk about pollution versus emissions it’s important to talk about the near
and the near-term effects and the direct health impacts and then the indirect
health impacts again this is where politically we can go off the rails so
there is solution which is a subset of emissions
and there are politicians that get this wrong environmentalists who get this
wrong and even on our industry we get the into these discussions about
emissions and it’s very very important that we separate the two the emissions
is anything that comes out of the tailpipe so it’s water vapor it is
nitrogen it is co2 obviously and pollution is a very very small part of
it it’s actually less than 1% of it so the when you see a politician who says
co2 pollution you should cringe because it the fact
that I would be the biggest polluter in the room right now and the folks wearing
the masks and the airport would actually be doing themselves harm if that was
true so it’s important to separate out what is pollution and what is emissions
today so I’m so used to being Han Solo with the laser pointer the the pollution
would be Knox Co particular matter sulphur dioxide in mercury those are the
names of pollutants tomorrow the things that could be indirect risk could be
indirect risks to human life for co2 methane water vapor and nitrogen it’s
just an important distinction when you hear somebody talking about pollution
and they lumping the two to them together it’s a dangerous place to go
there’s no date in the history of the world that that showed this irony more
than December 8th 2015 so on the left is is Shanghai in Beijing
it was their first apocalypse an ozone alert day in the red category they
remember this it was so bad that they could not land a third of the planes at
the airport that day now what’s what you see that cloud on the left it has
nothing to do with co2 it has isn’t that it really is not
global warming pollution that and on the right is Xi Jinping sitting next to
President Obama at the Paris climate courts so he left town he’s at the Paris
climate or it’s negotiating global warming treaties when this is the issue
he has back at home it’s it’s really a priority thing is yes in the long run if
he gets rid of his coal power plant pet power plants 50 years from now will it
help with the pollution sure but he’s got an issue today that he’s
I’m ignoring on some level so back to Germany Germany it’s always been at the
forefront of environmental regulations that he had the first ones come out with
very strict laws ta lift then we remember ta lifts but they were also the
first one to jump on the bandwagon for greenhouse gases and things like that
before I should say before Volkswagen and the farfegnugen that took place
there Germany was really always at the
forefront so what they did was they came out with something called a percentage
by date goal I’m sorry so they came out with something called 80 by 50 80 by 50
whenever you hear an expression 80 by 50 or something like that they’re talking
about a percentage in greenhouse gas reduction by a certain year so they were
the first ones to come out with one of these goals they have an 80 by 50 it
came out in 2010 it’s well on their way they hit 27% 2014 they plan on phasing
out their nukes by 2022 but here are the issues that they’re
running into and the reason why I even bring it up is because we’re barreling
towards the same path and it’s learned it’s very very good to learn from their
mistakes so the price in 2004 for power although we would consider this high was
18 cents it’s now 30 37 cents and going up the surcharge which is like a demand
charge it was 18 percent in 2014 they’re getting traditional power plants
to close because they can’t economically compete with all the wind and the solar
that are coming onto the grid but they need backup obviously wind and solar is
intermittent so what are they doing they’re keeping their coal plants around
and the net result is a much less stable grid when you put wind and solar on your
grid what you’re gonna do is you’re gonna have to balance it out and
balancing it out would be when the wind stops flowing or the Sun starts shining
you’ve got to pick it up very very very quickly so the balancing market is a
huge market over there the price that people are paying $16 a kW for resources
that can get on and off the grid quickly so 15 minutes 5 minutes or 30 seconds it
may think it’s something that can potentially create power or come off the
grid in that shorter time frame we’ll get to that anyway so right now
what they’re doing is they’re taking lignite coal plants and they’re
retrofitting them for fast ramp up and ramp down it’s incredibly disruptive to
the grid they have all this wind in the Solar and they put it on and what they
call it is interventions when the governing power authority has to call on
these folks to prop up the grid for for whatever reason it’s called it an
intervention in 2010 the number of interventions was 209 in 2013 it was
over a thousand so that’s kind of what is shown here is the grid operator there
can’t sleep at night because they’re constantly trying to plug the holes and
pick up for the slack that’s going on so and this is a graph just showing the
coal is returning that’s what I was talking about is you’re if all these
other assets are can’t compete economically you’re gonna have to make
up for the power somehow and you’re gonna do it with coal so coal is
actually going up so what is the net effect and that effect is that the co2
increase in the last few years in Germany and this was exactly what they
were actually trying to get away from this whole adventure was to lower the
greenhouse gas emissions and the greenhouse gas emissions are going up
because of the coal plants are staying on the grid anyway the New York City I live right
outside New York City I’m there all the time
they sent a whole contingent over to Germany last year to see if this problem
still exists you could probably tell that some of that data is fairly old
they came back and said yeah the utility said everything is fine we figured it
all out but actually that’s not true the New York Times just wrote an article
this summer that they’re there they put an end to a number of the subsidies and
there they were going to probably not do the nuke phase-out like they had talked
about and they’re gonna reintroduce coal to some extent this is an the most
up-to-date portfolio that you can see all of the gray is coal or gas it’s all
fossil fuels the yellow is nuke I know it’s hard to see this in the back and
the green is renewable so that’s where they are today they’re not going to hit
their 20 by 50 goal anyway there’s a lot of jobs at stake there’s about 10,000
jobs at stake in Germany just on the cold side of things those – those are
coal miners say the cleanest coal miners I’ve ever seen yeah the reaction as you
would expect is furious everyone is very mad at Germany for pulling back on these
goals that sign says coal no thank you anyway so why am i bringing this up
that’s Germany’s problem but if we hop across the pond we can certainly learn
from their mistakes and what what’s happening here if you don’t already know
it is that there’s renewable portfolio standards that are coming around
stateside so because of the election and we’re not going to get into it the
states have taken it upon themselves to come up with their own renewable goals
and about 40 of them 48 of them out of the 55 US states and territories have
come up with their own that’s very very hard to see but they’re it’s all
versions of the same thing a date and a percentage reduction New York is 80 by
50 Marti thought it was very funny that South Carolina is 2% they want a 2%
reduction in their greenhouse gases you can achieve that by turning the lights
off when you leave anyway so the ISOs so what’s an ISO an
ISO is an independent system operator and ISO is think of it as the air
traffic controller for the grid they take a look at all the generation all
the the load and they’re always comparing now it’s broken up into
sections here in the US but they do enter in there mingle I mean for those
of you who remember the 2003 blackout that started in Ohio with first energy
but I made it all the way over to us in New York but their job is to manage
supply and demand it’s an ongoing real-time problem so you’ve heard a
thousand of these stories and these some of them that I’ll keep short in Colorado
there’s about a hundred megawatts in this one little County of solar on this
state back in 2008 in five minutes they had an 81 percent drop a giant black
cloud rolled in and they had an 81 percent drop in generation in five
minutes I mean that’s that’s ludicrous how do you respond to something like
that my favorite is so that was the two
little my favorite is a too much story so this is the Columbia River Gorge we
talked about the Cascades they have a thousand windmills in this part of the
country this is Oregon so they had a thousand windmills and they were just
kind of easily swinging along like you normally see and then a storm came out
of the east on May 19th and they started spinning around like
crazy and within an hour to nuke plants worth of electricity was flooding the
lines so you know you’re the Independent System a system operator you’re
Bonneville Power Authority DUP there and you’ve got to react to this well there’s
also an issue with the fact that it’s May
so May in Oregon it’s been raining since November so the cascades all of the the
melting snow and everything has filled up all the hydroelectric lakes so there
jamm there they basically have to be letting water out through the turbines
and they’re at full power output so this is basically on the same day although
the wind just tried to flood the lines that are already jammed with all of the
hydro so what do you do so you
hydro guy has two choices you let it flow over the dam normally and generate
the power or you send it down this side River if you will an overflow well in
May you can’t do that it’s actually illegal to send it down the thing on you
on the right because of all of the oceanic salmon fingerlings that are
spawning at the time and you would wipe them out so the it’s illegal to dump the
water so your Bonneville Power Authority your grid is jammed what do you do so
they called the wind developer and said pull the plug it’s a company called
Iberdrola they’re out of Spain but I Boudreau but what do they care for the
grid they’re being paid to make the power you know so they’re like we’re
pulling the plug not only are we gonna make less money but the federal
government gave us all these subsidies and if we ever pull the plug we gotta
give the money back so this is the grid this is today’s grid when you’re trying
to eat to get renewables and I’m not and on any level I’m not been on this side
of the of the audience are probably on the greener side yeah I give this
presentation all the time to renewable forums and I talked about the extolling
the virtues of diesel and they want to tar and feather me and throw me out I
mean if you mentioned the D word at a solar and a wind form you’re wearing a
black hat it’s diesel soot colored black hat but I so I’m just trying to talk
about how do we get these when it’s sold what resources can we provide this grid
to help them where’s Steve is Steve here Steve’s the man all right so a couple
years ago Steve wrote a three-part series
in power line about renewables are they an opportunity or threat and it was
amazing yeah if I’m sure people who read it will back me up it was it was so well
done Steve’s a straight shooter and he authored stuff the same way if you write
down anything from me rambling on here this morning write down get a copy of
this article because it’s it’s incredibly well done and it is there’s
no way I could do it any justice so I’m not presenting on a tight
actually in particular try not to read it again because I was afraid I was
gonna plagiarize so but get a copy of it it’s fantastic so my big premise is what
if there was a distributed generator that we could use to help the grid
handle all of these intermittent resources and put that generation on
site so you get rid of the line losses it could turn on and off um maybe let
let’s say in ten seconds you know the requirement is thirty let’s
say we can give them a generation two that comes on in ten seconds it’s
reliable it’s more proven reliable and efficient than anything else out there
it’s 70 percent cleaner tier-4 –is– and it has an improvement extended
lifespan so let’s say we do hit our 80 by 50 let’s give them something today
that could last 30 years and it’s it’s now in the infrastructure and we could
use it for other things moving forward and the point of this is let’s get rid
of the unwarranted stigma of diesel and we can do that by embracing pollution
controls I call it Tier four but any group that sells pollution controls that
you can put on a diesel you can get Diesel’s incredibly clean this is my
only commercial slide as a plug and it’s exactly what I’m talking about
Arizona public service built a plan in Yuma Arizona this 25 megawatts
it’s a backup to a marine base but what they use it for is balancing the grid
there’s so much solar in Arizona that they called on this thing seventy times
last year to prop up the grid it’s all tier four diesel it’s the perfect
solution for the issues that they’re having how are we doing on time I just
touch on a couple of other things so this is this is my big mantra is we need
to be as an industry the diesel the clean diesel has to be the bridge to a
renewable horizon if we stand up and we jump up and down and we say no
renewables we’re defeating the purpose we can be that bridge for the next 20 to
30 years if we embrace the pollution control equipment put it on
the the proven diesel engine and we can get there and provide a tremendous
service for our grid this is more stories about diesel he was a pretty
amazing guy his first patent actually was for
manufactured ice he when he went to Germany he ended up tutoring under Karl
Lynde who was the father of ammonia refrigeration and so at 23 he came out
with a patent and he’s again he’s my hero because he took this patented ice
machine you could back in the day they used to take huge blocks of ice from the
winter and chip away at her all summer long he manufactured ice and then he
went straight to the breweries and figured out how to keep your beer cold
so for those toasting this evening raised one to Rudolf that’s the family
that he had this is probably the only time you ever saw them because he was
working so hard on developing the diesel engine you can’t read all of these
things but he basically hit every roadblock you can imagine when you’re
developing some new piece of equipment metallurgy starting piston rings
crankshaft the the number of patents that he has in different countries and
the number of obstacles that he overcame worse extraordinary I’ll just hit on his
virtues real quick if you read any of the books about diesel and I’ve read
them all his big thing was relief on the working class he believed that effective
power making machine and that’s what he called an effective power making machine
could help the working class and all those memories he has of the sweatshops
back in London he has a tremendous focus on safety in the five years of heavy
development of the diesel engine he didn’t have one accident so if he had
one of those signs it would say 1800 is it so less taxes greater efficiency
remember he replaced a steam engine that was ten percent efficient so his first
engines were in the neighborhood of thirty percent now a diesel engine could
be 4550 depending on what you’re doing in a spark engine is thirty so as far as
efficiency he did the whole industry a tremendous favor his first big Expo in
Paris in 1900 he demonstrated his engine running on peanut oil if you read any of
his notes that was the long-term goal he had was to do biodiesel on just
about everything in fact the National biodiesel day is his birthday on on
March 18th anyway and much less pollution he was always very very proud
of the fact that compared to a steam engine this thing was clean he was at an
expo in Paris in 1898 he actually had his family took his family out inside
the exhibit hall to stand outside and watch him fire up the thing because he
was so proud of how little smoke was coming out of him um probably us where
are we gone time five minutes okay these are stories about pollution and the
effects of pollution one thing I wanted to talk about so cheer for I’m just sort
of talk about cheer for but you can get there with a million different ways when
you’re talking about a data center a Tier four data set a lot of data centers
obviously big customers of ours you can put in a hundred and fifty megawatts of
the data center with Tier four without even tripping five tons and five tons is
usually what the airports call a de minimis threshold they don’t even care
about you until you get five tons with Tier four because of how clean it is you
can put in 150 megawatts and then the other thing we talked about is ours to
equal if you have a 72 hour tier two let’s say you put an emergency generator
at 72 and it runs 72 hours a year the amount of NOx that comes out of that
generator is equal to 1600 hours on a Tier four that’s how clean it is I know
you’ve seen the charts before versus natural gas and we we provide natural
gases I am NOT bad-mouthing natural gas on any level you if you compare eight
pollutants though of a natural gas engine out of the box and NSPS
conforming natural gas the diesel tier for diesel is cleaner seven of eight of
them including Knox Co hydrocarbons formaldehyde the only one it’s not
cleaner than a natural gas on is particular matter and that’s some chart
showing that this was in the New York Times which is actually probably killed
them to put it in there but on the far right is the diesel oil greenhouse gas
emissions compared to on natural gas engines and coal-fired
power plants and I think a copy this presentation will go out there but
basically when you take into account the life cycle of pulling the gas out of the
ground transporting the gas methane emissions that come out of valves
leaking valves and things like that the diesel is the best thing out there
nobody wants to talk about this but I’ll give you the data if you’re talking
about real quick again my final thought the coal business I and I am NOT
anti-coal on any level they had a meeting very similar to this about five
years ago and if if a face tells a thousand story you can’t see some of us
these people were or absolutely miserable and the reason for that I
think that Steve Evans is that Steve anyway the reason for this was they
basically were waving the white flag at the time
this is coal lobbying over the years with the last one being fifteen they
know that their industry and it’s more obviously tied to the price of natural
gas but their industry is on a downturn and they’re coming to terms with it the
toughest thing about it being in the diesel market is that you talk about
clean diesel you just stick clean in front of it there isn’t the technologies
that we have to are at our disposal for cleaning up a coal plant that how easy
it is to clean up a diesel engine a diesel engine that technology that the
PM traps and the NOx reduction the SCR systems are very very proven they’re not
on on a coal facility and you know the fuel desulphurization and all those
other things very very difficult so that’s part of the reason why they’re
waving the white flag but anyway I I leave you with my last picture that I
love so much if it’s almost impossible to see but if you look in between the
bridge spans there and that in the background the only reason why that that
town is not suffering is there’s a coal-fired power plant right behind that
tree so that because the winds not spinning
anyway that that is your 45 minute presentation so where’s my trophy get most improvement agent 45:15 thank

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *