What is Domestic Violence? (Lesson 1)
What is domestic violence? This lesson will answer the questions, ‘What is domestic violence?’ and ‘What is the role of technology in abuse?’ Let’s start with a definition of domestic violence. Domestic violence is purposeful and deliberate behavior aimed at gaining power and control over another person. Domestic violence involves a pattern of coercive behaviors that may include physical, sexual, psychological or economic abuse. One way to visualize the dynamics of domestic violence is with a Power & Control wheel. Power and control are in the center of the wheel. The spokes of the wheel are tactics an abuser systematically uses to instill fear in a partner. Physical and sexual violence often occur less frequently but hold it all together. This violence is the rim of the wheel. Examples of tactics include Intimidation–such as destroying property, abusing pets, or displaying guns Emotionally abusing a partner by making them feel like they are crazy or humiliating them. Isolating their partner–controlling where the victim goes and who they see. Denying the abuse happens or blaming the victim for the abuse. Threatening to take children away. Exerting privilege. Using economic abuse by preventing the victim from working or controlling all spending. And using coercion and threats, such as threatening suicide or threatening to hurt their partner. While technology can help victims access services and information, it can also be used by abusers to further exert power and control. Perpetraitors might use technology to send threats or disturbing information via email or to post fake or hurtful information on blogs. To monitor or stalk the victim an abuser might install devices on the victim’s car or install spyware on the victim’s phone to stalk and track them. Lastly an abuser may impersonate the victim by sending email from the victim’s account or posing as someone else when sending email or texts to the victim. Now test your knowledge, take the quiz below.